Addressing the alarming rise of the bacterium "Mycobacterium avium Paratuberculosis"
in the environment and the growing evidence linking this bacterium to Crohn's
 Mycobacterium Paratuberculosis Linked to Multiple Sclerosis
  MSworld Forum       Articles

Founders: Diane and Michael Fagen

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History of Crohn's Disease, Johne's disease, Mycobacterium avium Paratubercuosis

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Health of Animals Act, SC 1990, c 21


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Never In My Milk



ree Republic/News Activism/Topics - Post Article


La Presse,  April 8, 2001,  Never in My Milk? by Marie France Coutu

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Does Mycobacterium Paratuberculosis cause Crohn's disease by Alan Kennedy  


Shafran's Gasterology Center

The Johne's Information Center

History of Early Research on Crohn's disease

Dr. B. Crohn

Got Milk? by Michael Greger, MD Updated January 2001

THE CROHN'S CONNECTION  by Lisa Chamberlain

Dire Warnings About Johne’s
Disease A wake-up call for the dairy industry?

Micobacteria and Crohn's Disease

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FOX NEWS: Bacterial toxin may trigger multiple sclerosis, research finds By Amanda WoernerPublished January 29, Multiple sclerosis (MS), a central nervous system disease that often leads to paralysis and vision problems, affects approximately 2.3 million people worldwide and has no cure. Though no one knows what triggers MS, researchers have long suspected that a combination of genetic and environmental factors influence a person’s risk of developing the disease.




Toxin From Common Foodborne Bacteria Linked With Multiple Sclerosis
A toxin produced by a common foodborne bacteria could play a role in multiple sclerosis, a new study suggests

Posted: 01/28/2014 5:26 pm EST | Updated: 01/28/2014 5:59 pm EST:


HUFFPOST HEALTHY LIVING: C. Perfringens, Toxin-Emitting Bacteria Found In Soil, Could Play Role In Multiple Sclerosis Posted: 10/21/2013 2:30 pm EDT
Could a bacterium found in soil trigger multiple sclerosis? Researchers are coming closer to answering that question, after discovering evidence of a bacterium called Clostridium perfringens type B in humans -- particularly a 21-year-old woman with multiple sclerosis.


PLOS ONE Isolation of Clostridium perfringens Type B in an Individual at First Clinical Presentation of Multiple Sclerosis Provides Clues for Environmental Triggers of the Disease Kareem Rashid Rumah, Jennifer Linden, Vincent A. Fischetti, Timothy Vartanian mail Published: October 16, 2013


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Empirical antibacterial treatment of infection with Chlamydophila pneumoniae in Multiple Sclerosis David Wheldon MB FRCPathAfter much controversy a considerable body of evidence now demonstrates a firm causal connection between chronic infection with the primary respiratory pathogen Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) pneumoniae and at least some variants of the neurological disease Multiple Sclerosis. These web-pages review the evidence. References are cited. Treatment of chronic infection with this organism is regarded as highly problematic. Some authorities claim that total eradication is not possible. These pages suggest a possible schedule of treatment which may be expected to address all phases of the organism's life-cycle.


PLOS ONE Association of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis with Multiple Sclerosis in Sardinian Patients Davide Cossu1, Eleonora Cocco2, Daniela Paccagnini1, Speranza Masala1, Niyaz Ahmed3,4, Jessica Frau2, Maria Giovanna Marrosu2, Leonardo A. Sechi1*.......................Abstract Top Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection is highly spread in the ruminant herds of Sardinia, in the Western Mediterranean. The objective of this study was to investigate prevalence of MAP infection in association with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) using clinical specimen from patients and controls. We analyzed samples for the presence of MAP specific DNA and to demonstrate humoral response to a MAP protein (MAP2694), a predicted homologue of the T-cell receptor gamma-chain/complement component 1 of the host. We found presence of MAP DNA in 42% of the MS patients and an extremely significant humoral immune response revealed by the MS patients against the MAP protein. In our opinion, this is the first report that significantly associates MAP infection with MS. Further studies will be required to confirm if MAP could be one of the triggers of MS, according to the molecular mimicry theory, in susceptible (and genetically at risk) individuals. To see the full article, download top left corner


Posted 05/28/13            1042 studies found for: multiple sclerosis







MAP-Canada does not advocate a particular cause of Crohn's disease.  Our website is intended only to present evidence.  Our readers may draw their own conclusions.  We are not medical specialists and do not offer any treatment or nutritional advice.  Our mission is not to lay blame on any individual or industry, but rather to urge the Government of Canada to address the evidence presented on this site.

Mise au Point:
MAP-Canada ne recommande aucune théorie particulière sur la cause de la maladie de Crohn.L'intente de notre site Web est simplement de présenter certaineévidence mais vous pouvez arriver à vos propres conclusions.Nous ne pouvons donner de conseils de nature médicale ou alimentaire. Notre mission ne consiste aucunement à blâmer un individuou une industrie mais
plutôt à s'assurer que le Gouvernement du Canada aborde l'évidence que nous présenton



MAP-Canada would like to extend a very sincere thank you to Yanik Chicoine at of Montreal for his generosity and assitance in hosting and the mounting of this site.

MAP-Canada aimerait remercier sincerement Yanik Chicoine a de Montreal pour sons générosité et leur assistance pour l'hébergement et la programation du site